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[미국 스미스소니언박물관 5월 E 뉴스] Top Stories: May 2019
 
과학관과 문화 기사입력  2019/05/13 [15:40]
 

MAY 2019 ENEWS
 
Black Hole
EHT Collaboration

Black Hole Breakthrough

The first-ever image of a black hole was released on April 10, 2019! This monumental achievement used the Event Horizon Telescope – along with partners including the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian (CfA) – to capture an image of Messier 87's (M87's) supermassive black hole in the center of the Virgo galaxy cluster, 55 million light-years away. With about 6.5 billion times the mass of the sun, this black hole is so dense that its escape velocity – or the velocity needed to escape the object’s gravity – is more than the speed of light. That means even photons of light can't escape once they wander too close.

LOOK CLOSER »
 
 
Notre Dame
Frank Edwin Scott, "Notre Dame in Winter," (detail) n.d., oil on canvas, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Laura Dreyfus Barney and Natalie Clifford Barney in memory of their mother, Alice Pike Barney, 1952.13.121

Reflecting on Notre Dame Through Art

On April 15, 2019, the world watched as the Cathedral of Notre Dame caught fire, damaging one of the world's most famous buildings. Parisians came out in support of their beloved cathedral, while admirers from around the world reflected on the importance of the cathedral in their own lives. Eleanor Jones Harvey, senior curator at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, found works in the museum's collection depicting the great cathedral and provided background on why it is so beloved by American artists.

READ THE ESSAY »
 
 
Good as Gold
Signare #1 by Fabrice Monteiro, 2011, Courtesy Mariane Ibrahim Gallery

More to Gold Than Meets the Eye

Good as Gold: Fashioning Senegalese Women is an exhibition at the National Museum of African Art that explores gold as part of a broader constellation of identity, nationhood, politics, wealth, and individual taste. Fundamental to larger social and economic processes that are constantly changing, gold jewelry can reveal deeper histories and practices in Senegalese life, particularly for the women who commission, buy, wear, and remake them. The exhibition not only celebrates the allure of gold in contemporary West African fashion, but its power as an economic engine in the region during the medieval period.

ALL THAT GLITTERS »
 
 
The Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery has announced the premiere of a newly commissioned painting of Julie Packard – a leading figure in science and ocean conservation, and the executive director of the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Packard is one of only a few ocean conservationists in the National Portrait Gallery’s ever-expanding collection and is the second woman figure in the field to be included. The vividly colored portrait by New York City-based artist Hope Gangloff is currently displayed on the museum’s first floor.
Dive in »


Credit: Julie Packard by Hope Gangloff, acrylic on canvas, 2019. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. Gift of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Board of Trustees. © Hope Gangloff. Photo by Mark Gulezian / Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery
 
National Heritage Fellowship award program

¡Que Viva la Música Latina!

In 1982, the National Endowment for the Arts launched its annual National Heritage Fellowship award program, putting a major spotlight on renowned traditional artists from across the United States and its territories. The nominations were reviewed under the guidelines of artistic excellence, authenticity and impact on the cultural community. You can listen to songs from many of the awardees from the last 35 years through the Smithsonian Folkways Recordings collections!

START LISTENING »
 
 
barnacle fossil
Fossil whale barnacle from the Burica Peninsula in the Panamanian Pacific. Photo: Larry Taylor

GPS: Global Positioning Shells

Many whales take long journeys each year, spending summers feeding in cold waters and moving to warmer, tropical waters to breed. One theory suggests that these long-distance migrations originated around 5 million years ago, when ocean productivity became increasingly patchy. But patterns of ancient whale migrations have been shrouded in mystery—until recently. Scientists from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and the University of California, Berkeley approached answering this question by looking at an unlikely source for answers: barnacles.

HITCH A RIDE »
 
 
string beans
Nicola Ranieri holding his string bean harvest, Auburndale, New York, circa 1976. Photo courtesy of his daughter.

Calling All Gardeners!

Do you know someone who could write a book on growing prize-winning peonies? Does the entire neighborhood line up for your tomato harvest? Enter the Community of Gardens – the Smithsonian's digital home for collecting stories of American gardeners and gardens for future generations. Contribute your knowledge, or give the gift of storytelling this Mother's or Father's Day by sharing gardening wisdom from those you love!

SHARE YOUR GREEN THUMB »
 
 
Apollo 11 50th Anniversary Coin

These commemorative coins are now available from the U.S. Mint! Proceeds will support the National Air and Space Museum's upcoming Destination Moon gallery, as well as the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation and the Astronaut Memorial Fund.

SHOP NOW »
 
Game of Mole-rats

Second Naked Mole-rat Cam Live

Naked mole-rats live underground and are the only true eusocial mammals, meaning they live in large colonies with a single breeding female. The entire colony cares for the pups, forages for and provides food, and maintains and defends the burrow system. This new webcam from Smithsonian's National Zoo is focused on a behind-the-scenes tunnel that links different chambers of the naked mole-rats’ exhibit together and is one of the busiest spots in the colony, giving a behind-the-scenes look at this fascinating animal!

WATCH THE CAM »
 
 
James Smithson, c. 1765-1829 (detail), James Roberts, 1753-c.1809, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Trivia: In A Galaxy Far, Far Away

The photo taken of the M87 black hole shows its event horizon a kind of border surrounding every black hole. Any matter that wanders beyond the event horizon is consumed by the black hole, but as gasses pile up just outside of the event horizon, they are heated to hundreds of billions of degrees, emitting an enormous amount of radiation across the galaxy.

The event horizon around the M87 black hole is 1.5 light-days across, or about 40 billion kilometers, making it roughly the same size as:

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기사입력: 2019/05/13 [15:40]  최종편집: ⓒ sciencecc.com
 
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